The Karakachan is a breed of dog that originated in Bulgaria as a mountain livestock guardian dog. The Karakachan is one of the oldest of dog breeds. It has been used for centuries by the nomadic shepherds.
Their main purpose of past and present is the protection of flocks of livestock against predators and intruders. Attacks are primarily carried out at night and for this reason, the shepherds wanted dogs which had white markings so they would be easier to locate in the dark. Just as important was the fact that the dogs remain with their flock in any type of weather. This eventually led to the existence of dark markings in color which clearly contrasted with the snow in winter.
The Karakachan protects his family and his flock. Loyal yet independent, these dogs are extremely reliable protectors of livestock. The Karakachan dog is strictly territorial. It accepts the flock as its territory, wherever it is. Being close to the flock, they become visibly aggressive if the flock is threatened. If a stranger tries to remove an animal from the flock, the dogs will become seriously aggressive. They focus on protecting and caring for their flock. These qualities combined with endurance, dedication and willingness to work, make them a wonderful protector and friend.
All three of my Karakachans fit this to a tee. Tessa, a now four year old female, is our main guardian. We have two younger dogs whose parents are direct imports from Bulgaria. We are a registered breeder through the American Karakachan Dog Association.